In December, this years marks the 14th year since Deng Xiaoping’s reform and opening up.He delivered a speech at that time to emphasize its importance. Since then China started four decades of reform and opening up and becomes the 2nd largest economy in the world and transformed from a low to high income country.
During the past four decades, we’ve made significant progress in different sectors.China has made great achievements in alleviating extreme poverty. How? Two reasons: 1.Reform and opening as a foundation for fast economy development 2.Focused and sustainable strategy and development-oriented policy.
There are some lessons we can learn from China:1. political support from DXP and Xi jin ping made poverty alleviation one of his three decisive battles 2. Organizations, both central and local ones have designed and carried out effective policies. WBG, as a partner of China, provides solution(south west project, PLATO project). Most poverty is in rural areas
China targets the poorest and the most vulnerable, helps improve productivity and income. China built up regional projects including China Western Development and a strategy from villages to households, which have helped 17 million people get rid of extreme poverty. It’s reaching its final mile to comprehensive success.
Africa is a land of vast resources, but owing to a history of colonization and exploitation, it has not been able to transform this natural abundance into wealth for its citizens. Today African nations are focusing on nation building, but a massive infrastructure gap-estimated at US$130-170 billion a year by the African Development Bank-is holding them back.
Even after the colonial era.occupying nations never really left Africa. African countries became independent nation states, but imperialist powers continued to drain their resources.
At the start of the 21st century, China, with its economic muscle fuelled by its strong industrial base, arrived in Africa with a completely different approach. It wanted to help build up the continent and it gave local governments freedom to utilize resources for themselves.
China brought along its own invaluable experience of infrastructure development.It lifted millions of its people out of poverty through networks of expressways and railways that connected all parts of the country. The upgraded national infrastructure connected rural areas with industrial areas and cities. Railways contributed to the long -term growth of China and resulted in an enormous inflow of foreign investment, further boosting the national economy
China is now using its experience in developing its own domestic infrastructure to revive the ancient silk trading routes under the Belt and Road Initiative(BRI). Announced in 2013, the BRI is principally an infrastructure project aimed at improving the connectivity of major industrial hubs and markets.
Now China is offering to Africa the experience it has accumulated in developing infrastructure in China and abroad. Since the construction of the railway line from Tanzani a to Zambia in the 1970s, China's aim to bring more development to Africa has made significant progress.
A cornerstone of recent Chinese projects is the railway line from Kenya's capital city of Nairobi to the port of Mombasa.This line became operational last year and is the country’s largest infrastructure project since its independence. The railway line is expected to further connect South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo when it begins its expansion phase.
Apart from building a ring road and a six-lane highway, Ethiopia has seen an upsurge in economic activity after China funded the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway. This line connected the land-locked country with the coast of the Red Sea and collectively, these projects have contributed towards making Ethiopia the fastest growing economy in Africa.
第二，展览档次高。参展的世界500强和行业龙头企业有220多家，在展览期间有 300 多个新产品、新技术首次亮相，首次发布。在国际上评价博览会，通常会看首发产品多不多?首届进博会是全球博览会中首发新产品最多的之一。