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新概念英语自学导读:第二册 Lesson96

2013-01-26 12:00
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课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.… the dead are said to return to their homes and they are welcomed by the living.
……据说死去的人要回到他们的家里来,活着的人则对他们表示欢迎。

(1)the dead与the living 均为定冠词+ 形容词结构,表示某类人。

(2)被动语态 the dead are said 在这里的作用是缓和说话语气,因为对事情是否属实的把握不太大。(cf.第58课语法

2.… food is laid out for them.
…… 为他们摆放好了食品。

lay out 为短语动词,其含义之一为“摆出”、“摊开”:
Just as he laid out his book, the telephone rang.
他刚把书摊开电话就响了。

Don't lay out your clothes on the bed. Put them away.
别把你的衣服都摊在床上。把它们收起来。

3.specially-made lanterns
特制的灯笼

specially-made 是个复合形容词,由副词+过去分词构成。在第60课的词汇学习中,我们学习了名词+ 名词构成的复合名词。过去分词经常与其他词构成复合形容词:

well-intentioned    善意的

well-known    著名的

well-preserved    保存/保养得好的

widespread    广泛流传的

candle-lit    点着蜡烛的

a horse-drawn cart    一辆二轮马车

a tree-lined street    林阴街道

4.all night long
整夜

long 在这里是副词,表示“整个”、“在整段期间中”,通常与 all 连用:
It snowed all day long.
一整天都在下雪。

She stayed with her grandfather all summer long.
她整个夏天都和她爷爷呆在一起。

5.their return journey to the other world
返回另一个世界

world 可以与一些限定词连用以表示“今世/现世”、“来世”、“黄泉”等:
the next world / the world to come
来世

She believes that she will meet her dead parents in the other world.
她相信她会与她死去的父母在阴间重逢。

6.a moving spectacle
一个感人的场面

moving 为形容词,表示“动人的”、“感人的”:
I've just read a moving story / letter.
我刚读了一个感人的故事/一封感人的信。

词汇学习 Word study

1.drift vi.

(1)漂流,漂移:
Thousands of lanterns slowly drift out to sea.
成千上万只灯笼慢慢漂向大海。

The boat drifted gently across the water.
小船在水面上慢悠悠地漂流。

(2)漂泊,游荡:
He has lost his job and just drifts in the city all day long.
他失业了,成天就在这座城市里游荡。

He drifted from France to Italy.
他从法国漂泊到意大利。

2.guide vt.

(1)给……领路:
The old man guided the explorers through the forest.
老人领着探险队员们穿过森林。

These lanterns will guide the dead on their return journey to the other world.
这些灯笼将指引亡灵返回另一个世界。

(2)指导(……的行动);影响(……的决策等):
We should be always guided by truth.
我们应该永远受真理的指导。

Don't let your wife's opinion guide your actions.
别让你妻子的观点左右你的行动。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.难点练习答案

A
1 usual      2 among     3 manager      4 clothes

5 greets    6 clean        7 washing       8 temper

9 too      10 fairly       11 enough      12 single

13 queue

B
1 in                 2 out of        3 up         4 over

5 away from    6 for             7 in          8 out

9 down         10 after         11 into      12 over

13 out          14 up

2.多项选择题答案

1d 2c      3c 4b         5a 6d
7c 8d      9a 10b      11c 12b 

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