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新概念英语语法总结之动词的变化

Sarah 2020-03-27 20:18
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  动词表示动作或者是状态的词,在英语中动词是很常见也很基础的。这部分的语法知识大家一定要好好去学习,新概念英语第一册就有专门关于动词以及动词变化的学习内容。如果你也想了解的话,可以看看下面的这些语法知识。

  1.代词及Be动词

  主格 I we you you she/he/it they

  宾格 me us you you her/him/it them

  代词所有格 my our your your her/his/its their

  名词性代词 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs

  be动词现在时 am are are are is are

  be动词过去时 was were were were was were

  2.名词的复数

  规则变化的名词复数形式:

  规则1 一般情况+s e.g. shell→shells toy→toys

  规则2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾+es e.g. fox→foxes church→churches

  规则3 以o结尾+s或+es e.g. radio→radios potato→potatoes

  规则4 以f, fe结尾的,变f, fe为ves e.g. life→lives half→halves

  规则5 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i+es e.g. sky→skies study→studies

  3.动词的第三人称单数

  规则1 一般情况+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks

  规则2 以s, x, ch, sh和o结尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches

  规则3 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies

  4.动词现在分词

  规则1 一般动词加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing

  规则2 以不发音的字母结尾的单词去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving

  规则3 重读闭音节词结尾,即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running,sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping

  5.动词过去式

  规则动词变化:

  规则1 一般动词加-ed e.g.look-looked, watch-watched, play-played

  规则2 以e结尾的加-d e.g. make-maked, arrive-arrived

  规则3 以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried

  规则4 重读闭音节词结尾,即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ed stop-stopped

  过去式的读音:

  在清辅音后面(除外)读/t/ e.g. walked, jumped

  在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ e.g. washed, watched

  在/t/,/d/后读/id/ e.g. waited, hated

  6.形容词和副词的比较级和最高级

  比较级

  规则1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher

  规则2 以e结尾加-r nice-nicer

  规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-er busy-busier

  规则4 重读闭音节结尾,双写辅音字母再加-er fat-fatter

  最高级

  规则1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest

  规则2 以e结尾加-st nice-nicest

  规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-est busy-busiest

  规则4 重读闭音节结尾,双写辅音字母再加--est fat-fattest

  7.常见缩写

  is='s I am=I'm are='re

  is not=isn't are not=aren't

  do not=don't

  does not=doesn't

  was='s

  did not=didn't

  can not=can't

  have='ve

  has='s

  have not=haven't

  has not=hasn't

  will='ll

  will not=won't

  shall not=shan't

  上面这些内容大家学会了吗?新概念英语系列教材是多年经久不衰的经典英语学习资料,很多人用它打开了英语世界的大门。各地培训机构也针对教材制定出不少的精彩培训课程,沪江网的新概念英语培训辅导课程就是其中的佼佼者,想要学习的千万不要错过哦!

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