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英语四级真题英语阅读长难句分析(29)

沪江英语原创 2013-12-21 17:30
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小编前言:阅读是四级英语中重要的得分点和难点,对长难句的分析则决定了对阅读的彻底理解,也是学习语法,积累高级词汇、句型不可或缺的来源。而四级英语真题阅读部分均选自TimesTelegraph等著名外文报纸及杂志,其行文和词汇原汁原味,值得考生细细品味和灵活借鉴。准备英语四级的同学们,还等什么?赶快学起来吧!同时,欢迎各位考生针对例句的翻译及分析给出自己的理解哦!

1. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re involved in a conversation, you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your wardrobe. (2002. 阅读. Text 2)
【译文】例如,如果你把手机放在口袋里,说话间对自己的动作毫无意识,那么你很有可能忘记,现在手机就在衣橱里的上衣里。
【析句】复合句。主干由主句和if引导的条件状语从句组成。主句you'll forget+宾语从句that the phone is in the jacket hanging in your wardrobe。而if条件状语从句由两个并列句子组成,if you put your mobile phone和don't pay attention to what you did,what you did作短语pay attention to的宾语从句,最后是because引导的原因状语从句。

2. It is hard to track the blue whale, the ocean’s largest creature, which has almost been killed off by commercial whaling and is now listed as an endangered species. (2002. 阅读. Text 3)
【译文】蓝鲸的行迹很难跟踪。这种最大的海洋生物由于商业捕鲸几乎惨遭灭绝,如今被列为濒危物种。
【析句】复合句。主句It is hard to track the blue whale, it是形式主语,真正的主语是不定式。随后的内容都是修饰成分,the ocean's largest creature是the blue whale的同位语,而which has almost been killed...and is now listed as...则是前句的非限制性定语从句。

3. Tracking whales is but one example of an exciting new world just opening to civilian scientists after the cold war as the Navy starts to share and partly uncover its global network of underwater listening system built over the decades to track the ships of potential enemies. (2002. 阅读. Text 3)
【译文】随着冷战后海军共享及部分公开其建立几十年来用于跟踪潜在敌方船只的全球水下监听网系统,跟踪鲸鱼仅仅是这一崭新领域的一个例子,这一领域刚刚对民间科学家开放。
【析句】复合句。主句Tracking whales is but one example of an exciting new world,as the Navy starts to share and partly uncover...system为时间状语从句,主句和从句各有分词作定语,opening to civilian scientists修饰an exciting new world, bulit to...修饰underwater listening system。

本文句子翻译及解析为沪江英语原创,转载请注明出处。

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