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【沪江网校版】2011年12月英语六级完形填空答案及解析

2011-12-17 18:37
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Part V Cloze

The Truth About Plastic
By BRYAN WALSH Thursday, July 10, 2008 (Time magazine)
If you know where to find a good plastic-free shampoo, can you tell Jeanne Haegele? Last September, the 28-year-old Chicago resident 62. resolved to cut plastics out of her life. The marketing coordinator was concerned about 63. what the chemicals coming out of some common types of plastic might be doing to her body. She was also worried about the damage all the plastic 64. rubbish was doing to the environment. So she 65. hopped on her bike and rode to the nearest grocery store to see what she could find that didn't 66. include plastic. "I went in and 67. barely bought anything," Haegele says. She did 68. purchase some canned food and a carton (纸盒) of milk---69. only to discover later that both containers were 70. lined with plastic resin(树脂). "Plastic," she says, "just seemed like it was in everything."
She's right. Back in the 1960s, plastic was well 71. on its way to becoming a staple of American life. The U.S. produced 28 million tons of plastic waste in 2005--27 million tons of which 72. ended up in landfills. Our food and water come 73. wrapped in plastic. It's used in our phones and our computers, the cars we drive and the planes we ride in. But the 74. infinitely adaptable substance has its dark side. Environmentalists fret about the petroleum needed to make it. Parents worry about the possibility of 75.toxic chemicals making their way from 76. household plastic into children's bloodstreams. Which means Haegele isn't the only person trying to cut plastic out of her life--she isn't 77. even the only one blogging about this kind of 78. endeavor. But those who've tried know it's 79. far from easy to go plastic-free. "These things seem to be so common 80. that it is practically impossible to avoid coming into 81. contact with them," says Frederick vom Saal, a biologist at the University of Missouri.
62:resolved
63:what
64:rubbish
65:hopped
66:include
67:barely
68:purchase
69:only
70:lined
71:on
72:ended up
73:wrapped
74:infinitely
75:toxic
76:household
77:even
78:endeavor
79:far
80:that
81:contact 

本文摘自2008年《美国时代周刊》7月10日科技版,标题为The Truth About Plastic,由环保主义者Jeanne Haegele如何在生活中发现无塑料制品的举动引申到对塑料制品的思考。

62. 介词搭配题。第一段开头提出问题:如果你知道哪儿能找到一种非塑料包装的洗发液,你能告诉Jeanne Haegele吗?接着引出去年9月,这位28岁的芝加哥居民决心不在日常生活中使用塑料制品。resolve to do sth. 决定做某事,recover和from搭配,重新获得…;remove… form 移开,免除…; retreat 撤退,退却,均不符合题意。

63. 本题缺少一个连接词构成介词+宾语形式,根据句意判断,这里是常见塑料制品化学物质对可能会对人体产生的影响,应用what。

64. 该题比较简单,根据上下文不难推断,这里是指塑料垃圾也会对环境产生危害。

65. 这里考查固定搭配。hop on 跳上…。

66. 根据前文,她跳上自行车去百货商店寻找不含塑料的商品。consist of sth.组成…; induce 诱导,引起;compose 构成,组成,与要表达的意义相反。

67. 根据文章和常识可推断出,不含塑料成分的商品很少,因此她几乎买不到不含塑料的制品。此外,句末的anything也提示前面要用一个否定含义的词语,因此选barely。

68. 和上句的bought对应,这里应该填purchase,“她没买到…,她确实买到了….”;pursue 继续,从事,追赶; preserve 保存,保护,维护; prescribe 开药方。

69. 考查only to结构。她买到了罐装的食品和盒装牛奶,却发现外包装也是含有塑料树脂的。only to 结果是,不料竟会,表转折。

70. 考查短语意义。be lined with给某物安衬里;做内衬;这里指罐装食品和盒装牛奶的包装内层是塑料树脂。

71. 考查固定搭配。on one’s way to…在…的途中。

72. 考查固定短语意义。end up in 以…告终;以…结束,尤指经历了一长段路程或过程。这里指垃圾2700万垃圾都被填埋在垃圾填埋场里。

73. 词义辨析。这里举例说明20世纪60年代,塑料制品在美国人的日常生活中屡见不鲜,食品和水都采用塑料包装。wrap 包,缠绕;adopt 采取,接受;adapt 使适应,改变;trap 诱捕,使陷入困境。

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