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英语学习之动词用法大全

2小姐 2022-04-23 16:48
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虽然英语学习没有捷径,但是学习方法有很多,只要找到适合自己的学习方法,学好英语并不难。下面是英语动词用法大全,大家可以作为学习的参考。

1. go on to do sth. 继续做事(常考)

go on doing sth. 继续做事(常考)

2. hate to do/doing sth. 讨厌/不喜欢做某事

3. have fun doing sth.

4. have problems doing sth.做某事遇到困难

5. have sb. do sth.have sth. donehave sth. to do 有事要做

6. hear sb. do sth. 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)hear sb. doing sth. 听到某人正在做某事(常见)

7. help to do sth. 帮忙做某事help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

8. hope/wish to do sth. 希望做某事wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

9. I t seems that 这像是……(后接从句)seem to do sth.seem +adj.

10. It's + adj.+(for sb.) to do sth.

It's + adj. +(of sb.) to do sthe.g: It's glad for him to hear the news.

11. It takes sb. some time/money to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)

12. pay …for…costspend…on…..it take …to do sth.

13. It's best for sb to do sth.. 对某人来说做某事是最好的

had better do sth. 最好做某事 (注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)

14. It's time for sb. to do sth. 是某人做某事的时候了

15. keep (on)doing sth. 坚持做某事(常考)keep sb. doing sth. 让某人做某事(常考)

keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(常考)keep sb./ sth. +adj.

keep the book for 2 days 借这本书两天(不要用borrow或lend)

16. learn to do sth. 学做某事learn sth. from sb. 向某人学习

17. like to do/doing sth. 喜欢做某事like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

18. need to do sth.need doing sth./to be doneneed sth .needn't do sth.

19. prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿……而不愿……(常考)

prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做……胜过做……

e.g: I prefer reading books to going shopping. 比起购物来,我更爱读书。

prefer to do sth. 喜欢(爱)做某事

20. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做……

动词beat与defeat区别:

这两个词无论在形式还是意思上都有相似之处,有时甚至可以通用。但它们也有一定的区别:

1. 两者用作动词都可表示“打败”、“战胜”、“击败”等,常可互换,只是 defeat 比 beat 更正式,其后的宾语通常是比赛或战斗的对手。如:

They beat [defeated] the enemy. 他们打败了敌人。

He beat [defeated] me at swimming. 他游泳胜过了我。

We beat [defeated] their team by ten points. 我们以10分的优势胜了他们队。

比较:win 表示“赢”,与“打败”同义,但其后所接宾语不同。win 通常接表示比赛或战斗方面的名词作宾语。如:

正:He beat [defeated] me at chess. 他下棋赢了我。

正:He won the game (the race). 他赢了比赛。

误:He won me at chess. / He beat [defeated] the game.

2. 两者也可用作名词,但含义不同:

(1) 名词 beat 通常表示“打击(声)”。如:

We heard the beat of a drum. 我们听到了打鼓的声音。

Can you hear the beat of my heart? 你能听到我心脏跳动的声音吗?

(2) 名词 defeat 通常表示“失败”、“战胜”等( 视含义的具体与抽象,可用作可数或不可数名词)。如:

Our basketball team suffered another defeat. 我们的篮球队再次败北。

What he said meant admitting defeat. 他说的话就意味着承认失败。

动词attempt与try的区别:

两者均可表示“设法”、“尝试”,有时可互换,只是 attempt 比 try 更正式。如:

The prisoners tried [attempted] to escape but failed. 犯人企图逃跑,但未能得逞。

注意两者在用法上区别较大:

1. attempt 在现代英语中只用用及物动词,而 try 则可用作及物或不及物动词。如:

我恐怕做不了,但我要试试。

误:I’m afraid I can’t do it, but I’ll attempt.

正:I’m afraid I can’t do it. but I’ll try.

2. attempt 后接不定式或动名词均可(以不定式为常见),且含义无多大差别;try 后接不定式或动名词差别较大 (即后接不定式时,表示试图做某事;后接动名词时,表示做某事试试看有何效果)。如:

He attempted to climb [climbing] the moutain. 他们试图要攀登这座山。

He tried to persuade her to stay. 他试图要说服她留下。

Try phoning his home number. 给他家里打个电话试试。

动词got和gotten的区别:

■简单地说:got 和 gotten 都是 get 的过去分词,但 got 主要用于英国英语,gotten 主要用于美国英语(而且主要见于口语或非正式文体,在书面语和正式语言中人们仍倾向于用 got 作过去分词)。

■have got 和 have gotten 在意义上有两种可能:一是构成动词 get 的完成式(现在完成时、过去完成时以及情态动词后接的完成式),二是表示“有”“拥有”之类的意思。

1. 用于get的完成式用法

△从他的角度来看,他本应得到这份工作。

英:From his standpoint, he should have got the job.

美:From his standpoint, he should have gotten the job.

△他们一定是迷路了,否则现在他们应该到了。

英:They must have got lost or they’d be here by now.

美:They must have gotten lost or they’d be here by now.

△如果今天早上我起来早一点,我可能不会迟到。

英:If I had got up earlier this morning, I might not have been late.

美:If I had gotten up earlier this morning, I might not have been late.

以上就是小编给大家整理的英语动词用法大全,希望可以给大家在学习的时候带来帮助。

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