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考研英语考试前夕你要知道的学习干货

Sarah 2022-02-12 15:44
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面对考研大家是不是有一肚子的话想要说,但是在考研前夕,我们还能做哪些事情呢?考研英语是考试的重中之重,不少人因为它而遗憾出局。题海战术已经不适用目前的备考阶段了,必须更有技巧的复习才能帮我们更稳定的拿分。一起来看看这份干货吧!

1、题型总结

先总结下近十年来的真题作文,摸清考试规律(考试出题套路),针对性训练!

下面我们来看一下 近十年的真题题型

【英语二】的小作文大部分都是私人和公务信函 ,告示类只有三次,所以大家主要背私人和公务信函模板,告示类背一两篇即可。

大作文个人品质、教育、旅游文化和时事热点比较多(后面会分享各主题模板),其中社会热点大家留心 5G(科技类)、 垃圾分类(环保类)、 建国70周年的变化 等热门话题。

2、作文评分标准(考研英语作文想要多拿分,就要踩得分点,熟悉作文评分的原则和方法)

大、小作文的评分都有不同的侧重点

小作文(A 节):应用文的评分侧重点在于 信息点的覆盖、内容的组织、语言的准确性及格式和语域的恰当。对语法结构和词汇多样性的要求将根据具体试题作调整。允许在作文中使用提示语中出现过的关键词,但使用提示语中出现过的词组或句子将被扣分。

大作文(B 节):大作文的评分重点在于 内容完整性、文章的组织连贯性、语法结构和词汇的多样性及语言的准确性。

3、构建写作思路

首段 描图三步走:

1、整体描图(整体描图,不要描述细节;)

2、详细描图(细节描述,灵活使用从句、分词以及修饰词让描图丰满;)

3. 翻译中文/万能句型(万能句型属于无奈之举,根据前两句的字数来确定是否使用。)

例如: 2003年

① 整体描图:

Depicted in these two cartoons above is a flower showing different states in two entirely distinct conditions.

写作要点

此句开篇,结构至关重要,此处用倒装句描图,Depicted in these two cartoons above is+图片核心元素+分词短语修饰。

② 详细描图:

As is shown in the first picture, the flower, placed in a comfortable greenhouse which shelters it from the threatening storm, is in full bloom. On the contrary, when exposed to the heavy rain, the flower soon fades and withers, with petals falling on the ground.

写作要点

As is shown in the first picture在所有的模板书均可找到,因此千万不要放在第一句,但是如此漂亮的As引导的定语从句不用岂不可惜,因此调整顺序,放在第二句即可,显示出你支配语言的能力。

2003年为两幅图(今年的重点复习方向),因此要注意两幅图之间的对比关系,用on the contrary强调句间关系。其中分词作状语、定语从句、独立主格皆可以用于其他文章,举一反三。

多准备一些万能模板句,做到以不变应万变,考场上只需要替换某一些主题词汇就可以拿分,记住:

考研英语写作不怕假大空,就怕犯低级错误,以个人品质为例,下面的模板就属于放之四海皆准。

① 提出中心:The implication of this cartoon can be summarized as a philosophic topic in daily life: XXX is the first step towards success.

② 解释说明:In other words, facing with delicate options, we had better march forward rather than hesitate. Indeed, if we are bewildered with the choices, opportunities may escape our attention.

③ 举例论证:For some people, their fear to lose is greater than their desire to succeed, so they end up doing nothing and their dreams become impossible.

④ 正反论证:On the contrary, at any given moment, we have the power to say this is not how the story is going to end. Our braveness, perseverance, and decisiveness may earn us chances to solve current adversities, leading us out of the shadow.

⑤ 总结中心:Clearly, the cartoonist, through this unique metaphor, encourages us to choose the latter.

确保高大上,准备两类结尾:积极正向+消极负向

① 积极正向:Evidently, there are reasons to believe that主题词 can produce positive effects on economic growth and local government should be encouraged to promote international tourism.

② 消极负向:Evidently, there are reasons to believe that 主题词can produce negative effects on economic growth and local government should be encouraged to avoid such phenomenon.

经典语句

1.The cartoon vividly shows an important truth that…

漫画生动地揭示了一个重要的道理

2.As is vividly depicted in the drawings

漫画生动地描述

3.Clearly, the cartoon reveals a very common problem in our society

很明显,漫画揭示了我们社会的一个普遍现象

4.The implied meaning of the drawings is that

漫画的寓意是

5.As is manifested in the cartoon

如漫画所示

6.The two drawings stand in a sharp contrast

两幅图形成了鲜明的对比

7.A ridiculous situation

一个可笑的场景

8.To grasp the full implication

充分理解寓意

9.With sweats trailing down the face

汗流满面

10.There is no denying that…

毋庸置疑……

11.There is a general assumption that

人们普遍认为

12.To make careful decision

认真做决定

13.It is quite obvious that

很明显

14.To draw our attention to

关注

15.Upcoming

即将来临的

16.Beyond one’s comprehension

无法理解

17.To be deprived of

被剥夺

18.Few people could pay attention to…

关注……的人寥寥无几

19.We can often encounter a scene where

我们经常碰到……的现象

20.Commit a terrible blunder

犯下严重错误

21.Defy the rules and regulations concerned

违反有关规章制度

22.To be caught in a dilemma

陷入进退两难的境地

23.At the expense of

以……为代价

24.To pose a threat to

对……造成威胁

25.To bite away at our mind

蚕食我们的心灵

26.Will lead to distortion of minds and erosion of values

导致思想的扭曲和价值观的腐化

27.Immature personalities and na?ve thoughts

个性不成熟和思想单纯

28.To leave deep psychological wounds in their victims

给受害者留下了深深的心理创伤

29.something harmful or detrimental

有害的东西

30.from all spheres of life

来自生活的方方面面

31. from the opposite perspective of

从相反的角度

32. the increasingly accumulated pressure

日积月累的压力

33. to suffer mental disorders

患精神疾病

34. above vulgar interest

脱离低级趣味

35. marathon talk

煲电话粥

36. to satisfy their personal interests

满足个人利益

37. to gain control of ourselves

控制自己

38. Unintentionally or intentionally

有意或无意的

39. It is of great importance that…

重要的是

40. It is worrisome that…

令人担心的是

41. Predictably, and regrettably

可以预见的且遗憾的是

42. In response to this

鉴于此

43. It is no surprise that …

不足为奇

44. According to reports released by sociologists

根据社会学家的报道

45. In today’s society filled with intense competition

在今天充满竞争的社会里

46. There are signs that the situation is turning from bad to worse

种种迹象表明,这种情况正在恶化

47. There is no evidence that

没有证据表明

48. To be on the decline

正处于衰败阶段

49. Obstacles, discourages and impossibilities

障碍、挫折和绝望

50. To lose one’s golden opportunity

失去黄金机会

面对考试谁不想要高分,面对人生谁不想成功。我们现阶段能做的就是把自己要学习的东西学好,这是稳扎稳打继续前进的关键。如果中途放弃,那么可能什么都没有了。英语学习之路上也希望大家能够多多积累,不要灰心,更不要放弃。

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