解析:移动电话、因特网和现代交通工具使人们的生活节奏加快，其主要原因是人们交流更加方 便，而且旅行也变得更加便利、频繁。值得注意的是，很多考生可能会去考虑电讯科技和交通行 业的发展对人类产生的影响，而事实上，本题考查的是生活快节奏对人们产生的影响。
•快节奏的生活使人与人之间的相互交流减少(personal interaction reduces),人们很难保持和 改善与朋友亲人的关系 (hard to maintain and improve relations with friends and family members)，这对社会和家庭都是有害的(detrimental to family life or social relations within or outside of work);
• 快节奏的生活会引起疾病(lifestyle diseases , such as obesity, stroke, diabetes, heart diseases )
• 提高了效率和生产力，促进了信息交流和贸易往来(promote trade activity across the border);
• 效率的提高使人们有更多的娱乐时间，生活更加丰富(leisure lives have been enriched) 。
Not surprisingly, many aspects of people's daily lives have undergone considerable changes because of the recent development in technology. It is a particular concern that the pace of everyday life is becoming faster, resulting from the development in cars, air travel, telecommunications technology and the Internet 。 As well as benefits, this trend is to bring problems.
On the positive side, the fast rhythm of life requires people to enhance efficiency when working and then allows them to enjoy longer leisure time. With the advance in telecommuncations people can make inquires by phone, instead of travelling long distances, Internet access makes it possible (for one to perform various tasks without leaving their offices. Even though people have to travel every now and then, for meeting business partners, visiting clients in other cities or other purposes, modem transport networks reduce the amount of time they spend on commutes.
The acceleration of the pace of life also implies the expansion of people's social circle. In the past, social relationships were limited by physical factors such as geographical distance and low mobility, but nowadays, one can travel further and get acquainted with more people with those technological advances, such as the railroad, the automobile and the telephone. For instance, the rapid penetration of telecommunications technology has made the mobile phone a key social tool and people rely on their mobile phone address book to keep in touch with their friends.
On the negative side, the fast-paced lifestyle is responsible for the upsurge in lifestyle-related problems. Jobs become demanding and require workers' full commitment, resulting in their depression and pressure. Underneath the facade of continued contraction of official working hours, employees are actually working longer, primarily because fax, e-mail or other communication devices have made them accessible to their supervisors, colleagues and customers after work. They have to respond instantly to voice and email messages from others. Private life has to be sacrificed.
According to the facts outlined above, the doubts about the negative effects of the acceleration of pace of life are not well-grounded. People now enjoy greater well-being, which is reflected in more quality family time, less travel-related stress and close contact with friends and family members. However, they might have to accept frequent intrusions as a by-product of convenient communication.
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Private School?You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
It can be noticed that a large number of private schools or training organizations become a new landscape in education.When you read newspapers, when you watch TV, when you walk on the road,you will inevitably see lots of advertisements about private schools.There are private schools mainly dealing with foreign languages,computers,music and sports.
However,is it a good or bad thing to have so many private schools? As a coin has two sides,so are the private schools.On the one hand,private schools can meet the special needs of the society or the particular requirements of people.On the other hand, they often bring people extra burden because of comparison and competition.
When asked to decide whether we should have a society without private schools or a society with private schools,I will not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.Although attending a training course will result in the extra cost or burden,it is of tremendous merits in preparing my work and cultivating my skills.